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A car passes a speed limit camera.

This is Vision Zero

When the concept of Vision Zero was introduced in 1995, it turned the traditional view of road safety work upside down. From a focus on the prevention of accidents, the present direction is that no-one should die or be seriously injured in traffic.

The basic starting point for Vision Zero is the ethical standpoint that no-one should be killed or suffer lifelong injury in road traffic. This means that the view of safety in the road transport system concurs with those values that apply for safety in society as a whole. In working life, and within the rail, shipping and air transport sectors, it goes without saying that no deaths should occur as a consequence of accidents.

According to Vision Zero, the main problem is not that accidents occur – it is instead whether the accidents lead to death or lifelong injury. Vision Zero stresses the fact that the road transport system is an entity, in which different components such as roads, vehicles and road users must be made to interact with each other so that safety can be guaranteed. In order to prevent serious results from accidents, it is essential for the roads, and the vehicles they carry, to be adapted to match the capabilities of the people that use them.

Related publications

Vision Zero – How dreams become reality (pdf file 12,4 MB)

Näringsdepartementet (1999). 11 punkter för ökad trafiksäkerhet(Näringsdepartementets Promemoria 1999-04-09). Stockholm: Regeringskansliet (PDF-file 25 kB).

Belin, M.-Å., Johansson, R., Lindberg, J., Tingvall, C. (1997). The Vision Zero and its Consequences. In: A.S. Hakkert (ed) The Fourth International Conference on Safety and the Environment in the 21st Century: November 23-27, 1997, Tel Aviv, Israel: book of proceedings. (PDF-file, 259 kB)

Belin, M.-Å., Tillgren, P., Vedung, E. (2012). Vision Zero: A road safety policy innovation. International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion 19 (2): 171-179. (External link)

Johansson, R. (2009). Vision Zero: Implementing a policy for traffic safety. Safety Science 47 (6): 826–831. (External link)

Larsson, P., Dekker, Sidney W.A., Tingvall, C. (2010). The need for a systems theory approach to road safety. Safety Science 48: 1167–1174. (External link)

Larsson, P., Tingvall, C. (2013). The Safe System Approach: A Road Safety Strategy Based on Human Factors Principles. In: Harris (ed) Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics. Applications and Services. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 8020: 19-28. (External link)

Nihlén Fahlquist, J. (2006). Responsibility ascriptions and Vision Zero. Accident Analysis & Prevention 38 (6): 1113-1118. (External link)

Rosencrantz, H., Edvardsson, K., Hansson, S. O. (2007). Vision Zero: Is it irrational? Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice 41: 559–567. (External link)

Tingvall, C. (1997). The Zero Vision: A Road Transport System Free from Serious Health Losses. Transportation, Traffic Safety and Health: 37-57. (External link)

Tingvall, C., Haworth, N. (2000). Vision Zero: An ethical approach to safety and mobility. In: Jraiw, K. (ed). Road safety & traffic enforcement: beyond 2000: 6-7 September 1999, Melbourne, Australia: proceedings. (External link)

Tingvall, C., Lie, A., Johansson, R. (2000). Traffic safety in planning: A multidimensional model for the zero vision. In: von Holst, Nygren, Andersson (eds) Transportation, Traffic Safety and Health - Man and Machine: 61-69. (External link)

Vägverket (2007). The Tylösand Declaration. Borlänge: Vägverket. (Online shop)