Vision Zero has had a huge impact on the work to improve road safety. Both the working methods used and the choice of interventions have been improved. Collaboration in networks, governance by objectives and user governance have made things happen.
Historically, traffic safety work has been focused on management by rules. In the work on realising Vision Zero, management by rules still exists, but occupies less space than in the past. New measures and new approaches have been introduced, in which networking and management by objectives are fundamental approaches.
Effective forms of governance
The work to make roads safer to achieve Vision Zero has been primarily characterised by three forms of governance that have shown themselves to be effective and have driven the work forwards:
Management by objectives and results. In order to create long-term sustainability and a systematic way of working, the Swedish road safety efforts are based on management by objectives. The work includes setting objectives for various indicators judged to have the greatest impact on road safety, for example adherence to the speed limit, safe vehicles and the use of helmets. Changes to the various indicators are measured, monitored and discussed at annual results conferences.
Network governance. Collaboration between various parties has been and is a key factor in the work towards achieving Vision Zero. This has led to different parties working together in the same direction through coordination and harmonisation.
User governance. The market's demand is the mechanism that governs development and results. This way of working has had good results in terms of safer cars.
Evidence-based work to improve road safety
Implementing new road safety measures requires fundamental information about the problems that need to be solved. There are two sources of statistics and knowledge about road deaths in Sweden: STRADA and the Swedish Transport Administration's in-depth studies of fatal accidents.
STRADA (Swedish Traffic Accident Data Acquisition) is an information system containing data about injuries and accidents that have occurred in the road transport system.
Since 1997, in-depth studies have been conducted into all fatal accidents on the roads in order to document what has happened before, during and after the accident.
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