The Gothenburg Port Line is currently a single-track line. To handle the demand for increased capacity, it needs to be expanded to a double-track line.
The Gothenburg Port Line – an important railway link
The Gothenburg Port Line is one of Sweden's most important railway links; its task is to make it possible for goods traffic from across the Nordic region to reach the harbour districts in Gothenburg. The almost 10 km line is single-track and currently is of too low a standard to handle future traffic needs. An expansion of the Line to double-track is required in order to increase both the share of rail traffic and the total share of goods traffic.
The Gothenburg Port Line is a goods-only railway. It runs through southern Hisingen, occasionally through heavily developed areas such as residences, schools, and nature areas. After passing under the Älvsborg bridge, the track heads west through an industrial area with oil refineries and depots. Different types of goods – including hazardous materials – are transported along the track to vessels in Gothenburg Harbour and the surrounding industries. The Gothenburg Port Line is funded and operated by the Swedish Transport Administration.
The future of the harbour is on land
Gothenburg Harbour is the Nordic region's largest harbour and a natural centre for goods traffic in Scandinavia. 60% of Sweden's container traffic and 25% of the country's foreign trade goes through here. The mode of transport that is most efficient from an environmental and an economic perspective is a combination of shipping and rail. Heavy rail traffic between the harbour and various locations in Sweden make it possible for businesses around the country to have quick, cost-effective and environmentally smart connections with the Nordic region's largest harbour.
The Gothenburg Port Line – several sub-projects
The Gothenburg Port Line Project consists of several sub-projects that will be carried out during different periods of time. In the next paragraph you can read more about each sub-project:
- Pölsebo–Skandiahamnen (Harbour railway yard)
- Kville bangård (Railway yard)
On the stretch between Pölsebo and Skandiahamnen, we will be building a new track beside the existing one. The stretch runs through a major industrial area with oil refineries and petroleum industries. There are several factors to take into consideration –for example rock shelters, gas pipes and other environmental zones during blasting.
We will be building new double tracks in a tunnel under the Eriksberg district. The new double track will turn off from the current single track immediately after the Eriksberg junction. After that, the track enters an approximately 1.2 km long tunnel. The tunnel will go through Bratterås, under and through Krokäng, and exits into the Pölsebo railway yard, where the double track connects to the current altitude and the expansion westward. The connection will be located somewhere on the stretch between the tunnel mouth and the Älvsborg bridge, depending on the elevation of the track. After that the track splits into the Rya Line, the Skarvik Line, and the Höke railway yard as well as continuing westward.
The lie of the tunnel will be adapted to the terrain so that as much of it as possible will be rock tunnel. This will primarily be through Bratterås and under Krokäng. Other stretches of track will consist of concrete tunnels and open troughs. The surrounding land will be adapted to the landscape. On the section at the football field, the roof of the tunnel may be a few metres over the current ground level. The field will remain, but may possibly need to be moved somewhat. The existing track between Nordviksgatan and Londongatan will be torn up, and the ground adapted to the area surrounding the stretch. The project will also involve the demolition and remediation of existing tracks and ground.
The area where the tunnel is to be constructed is characterised by tightly-packed urban centres with houses, apartments, schools and nature areas. In connection with production, we will take the nature areas in the district into consideration and we will work on reducing noise and vibrations. Restoring both park and local environments after production is important. Rail traffic will run as usual while tunnel work is in progress. Production on the Pölsebo–Skandiahamnen and Eriksberg–Pölsebo stretches are currently planned for 2018-2021.
The railway yard will be rebuilt for more simultaneous train movements, future higher speeds, and an increase in the traffic load on existing tracks as well as adaptation to the new bridge over Göta älv. We will replace approximately 25 switches in the eastern and western switch zones and adjust the connections to existing tracks. Rail traffic to and from Gothenburg Harbour will run as usual while work is in progress on the railway yard. Production is planned for 2015-2016.
Photography: Port of Gothenburg