The North Bothnia Line is a new coastal railway line planned between Umeå and Luleå that will create a number of positive development effects, for Sweden as a whole as well as for the region.
Planning is underway for the North Bothnia Line, a new 270-kilometre railway line between Umeå and Luleå. The North Bothnia Line is intended first of all to strengthen the country’s rail freight traffic, but also to enable passenger traffic between the cities along the coast of North Sweden. Studies are currently in progress for the various subsections of the line. The new railway will connect to the current Bothnia Line and will be an important transport link within the European railway system, also pointed out by the European Union. Northern Europe accounts for a significant share of the EU's production of raw materials, such as iron ore and forestry products. For instance, 88% of the EU's total output of iron ore is produced in the Barents region.
The positive effects will be considerable: it will be possible to cut transport costs of freight traffic by 30% and to halve travelling times for passengers, which will make conditions for commuting to work much better than they are today.
The assessment is that the North Bothnia Line will create the conditions for sustainable economic development, improved competitiveness for industry and trade, and positive regional development for the benefit of the entire country. The new railway line is also expected to lead to considerable climate and environmental benefits.
The present situation
All railway studies have been completed. The Swedish Transport Administration is currently working on railway plans for the section between Umeå and Skellefteå, and is set to begin construction on the section between Umeå and Dåva in 2018.